Read Öteki by Fyodor Dostoyevsky Free Online
Book Title: Öteki|
Date of issue: 2007
ISBN 13: 9789750505492
The author of the book: Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 2.62 MB
Edition: İletişim Yayınları
Read full description of the books Öteki:İnsancıklar yayımlandığında, dönemin büyük edebiyat eleştirmeni Belinski, Dostoyevski’yi şöyle övmüştü: “Yeni bir yazarın, yeni bir yeteneğin kalemi bu; onu tanımıyorum, ama bu roman Rusya’da hayatın sırlarını öyle kahramanlarla veriyor ki bize, bundan önce hiçbir yazar bu kadarını düşlerinde bile göremezdi.” Ama bu övgülerin sarhoşluğuyla hemen ikinci romanını, Öteki’yi yazıp yayımlayan genç yazarı, bu sefer sert eleştiriler, daha da beteri büyük bir kayıtsızlık ve sessizlik bekliyordu. Dostoyevski’nin ilk kitabıyla kazandığı ilgi ve şöhreti kaybetmesine sebep olan, ama ölümünden sonra, başka dillere çevrildikçe değeri daha iyi anlaşılan bu unutulmaz romanını, Ergin Altay’ın Rusça aslından yaptığı çeviriden ve gelmiş geçmiş en büyük Dostoyevski uzmanı Joseph Frank’in kapsamlı sonsözüyle sunuyoruz. “İleride Öteki’den benim başyapıtım olarak söz edecekler.” Dostoyevski Kardeşi Michael’e yazdığı bir mektuptan, 16 Kasım 1845 “Öteki, Dostoyevski’nin yazdığı en güzel şeydir.” Vladimir Nabokov
Read information about the authorFyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky (Russian: Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский), sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, was a Russian novelist, journalist, and short-story writer whose psychological penetration into the human soul had a profound influence on the 20th century novel.
Dostoyevsky was the second son of a former army doctor. He was educated at home and at a private school. Shortly after the death of his mother in 1837 he was sent to St. Petersburg, where he entered the Army Engineering College. Dostoyevsky's father died in 1839, most likely of apoplexy, but it was rumored that he was murdered by his own serfs. Dostoyevsky graduated as a military engineer, but resigned in 1844 to devote himself to writing. His first novel, Poor Folk appeared in 1846.
That year he joined a group of utopian socialists. He was arrested in 1849 and sentenced to death, commuted to imprisonment in Siberia. Dostoyevsky spent four years in hard labor and four years as a soldier in Semipalatinsk, a city in what it is today Kazakhstan.
Dostoyevsky returned to St. Petersburg in 1854 as a writer with a religious mission and published three works that derive in different ways from his Siberia experiences: The House of the Dead , (1860) a fictional account of prison life, The Insulted and Injured, which reflects the author's refutation of naive Utopianism in the face of evil, and Winter Notes on Summer Impressions, his account of a trip to Western Europe.
In 1857 Dostoyevsky married Maria Isaev, a 29-year old widow. He resigned from the army two years later. Between the years 1861 and 1863 he served as editor of the monthly periodical Time, which was later suppressed because of an article on the Polish uprising.
In 1864-65 his wife and brother died and he was burdened with debts. His situation was made even worse by his gambling addiction. From the turmoil of the 1860s emerged Notes from the Underground, a psychological study of an outsider, which marked a major advancement in Dostoyevsky's artistic development.
In 1867 Dostoyevsky married Anna Snitkin, his 22-year old stenographer. They traveled abroad and returned in 1871. By the time of The Brothers Karamazov (1879-80), Dostoyevsky was recognized in his own country as one of its great writers.
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