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Ebook Rytuały krwi. Namiętność do wojny. Geneza i historia by Barbara Ehrenreich read! Book Title: Rytuały krwi. Namiętność do wojny. Geneza i historia
Date of issue: 2001
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
The author of the book: Barbara Ehrenreich
Language: English
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 683 KB
Edition: Jacek Santorski & Co Wydawnictwo

Read full description of the books Rytuały krwi. Namiętność do wojny. Geneza i historia:

Blood Rites: Origins and History of the Passions of War covers the development of war from the prehistoric people who were at first the prey of larger animals and to the early 1990s when some thought that war had become outmoded with the advent of nuclear weapons so horribly destructive that we would dare not use them again. We see the roots of war develop via sacred blood rites. It tells about early people coming together in bands and eventually the development of the warrior elites. You will see the beginning of the end of the elites and ‘honorable’ battle in the American Revolution. Civilians increasingly become victims of wars in the twentieth century. The diseases of nationalism, Nazism and American patriotism are discussed. You might cringe at the discussion about the democratization of war. Even countries with no weapon production facilities are able to obtain all the necessary materials of war on the open market.

I like a book with notes, bibliography and index even if I don’t use any of them. Blood Rites has all three. This, to me, suggests some academic rigor. I like that we have the opportunity to see how the author came to her conclusions. Ehrenreich’s Ph.D. in biology gives her some scientific credibility.
There is something in us, or at least something in some of us, that urgently seeks to make sense out of disconnected data and unassimilated experience, to draw links between people “like us” and people not at all like us, between what happened long ago and what is happening right now or what could happen next. The urgency increases when the subject at hand, like war or disease, involves life and death, including the potential death of all people on earth. We need to know, and we need to know something more than piles of unrelated observations.
I like how Ms. Ehrenreich writes. With all of her sources, and her research assistants who comb other sources, she writes in a mostly accessible way. She is enjoyable to read and you learn something to boot. In some ways I am a lazy reader, I usually like information presented clearly and with some assurance. Ms. Ehrenreich’s writing covers complex topics in a way that I can absorb without stripping the gears of my brain.

Replication is a key to scientific research. The information in Blood Rites could be checked and expanded but it is hard to see how her conclusions could be confirmed. If another “scientist” wanted to investigate the same topic (Origins and History of the Passions of War), what would constitute a proof that could be compared to Ehrenreich? Are we talking about battling research assistants?

If you want to get a sense of how the book is constructed, The Ecstasy of War (Chapter One) can be found at . The NY Times review includes this:
{Ehrenreich} brings appropriate caution to her task. She knows that ''Blood Rites'' is an extended essay, not an academic treatise, and that she surveys rather than exhausts an enormous range of scholarship. Properly awed by her subject, she seeks to nudge and provoke readers, not overpower them. It is a welcome approach, in contrast to the stern, pontificating style of many other (usually male) authorities on war.
A more recent review (04/24/2011) in a British publication concludes:
Ehrenreich's answer delves back into prehistory: once a prey species, we learned to defend ourselves by banding together and fighting off predators. This common experience has shaped all human societies since. Part anthropology, part sociology, part history, this is an original, eye-opening and highly persuasive account.
Finally, a review from 1997 (when the book was published) in The Atlantic is interesting reading:
But although Ehrenreich does not fear to guess deep, she never pretends to a higher degree of certainty than is possible. She has done a great deal of homework, she is free of cant, and she is smart. Her starting points are firm and clear: she thinks that human beings have a nature, that our attraction to war is at least partly inherited, and that the study of human culture can provide clues to the structural place and function of war-making in the human psyche; and she believes that knowing what war is may help humankind to control it.
After 15 years of change since the book was published, I would love to see some aspects updated. Is war built into our genes? Our ideas about how nature and nurture create the human beings that we are have advanced in those years. A section of the book titled “DNA and Bedtime Stories” asks some good questions about the nature/nurture debate and suggests some answers that require new thinking. As trained killers, are men and women the same? The role of women in the military is significantly different than it was when the book was published. Some of the changes discussed have occurred over 10s and even 100s of thousands of years. What can be said about the change of the role of women in the modern military in just 15 years? The idea that a woman POTUS (president) would make war less likely certainly needs re-examination and seems less credible than it once did.

Conclusions to books attacking huge issues can be disappointing since the issues seem to have much more clarity than the solutions. Blood Rites concludes in the 1990s and leaves me wondering if we have advanced in our efforts to contain war since then. The continuous string of wars throughout the world in the past fifteen years makes optimism difficult.
What is war that it exerts such cruel demands on us? It is first, in an economic sense, a parasite on human cultures – draining them of the funds and resources, talent and personnel, that could be used to advance the cause of human life and culture. But “parasitism” is too mild a term for a relationship predicated on the periodic killing of large numbers of human beings. If was is a “living” thing, it is a kind of creature that, by its very nature, devours us. To look at war, carefully and long enough, is to see the face of the predator over which we thought we had triumphed long ago.
On the final page Ehrenreich slips in “an enormous human achievement”: anti-war movements. Less than one page leaves me seriously unsatisfied.

While it is easy to give this book three stars, parts of me (the anti-war parts) wish I could give it four or five. Since the U.S. has initiated several military actions and even a couple of wars since Blood Rites was published, it is obvious that the book hasn’t made much of a mark yet. Maybe next year. Thanks for trying, Barbara!

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Ebook Rytuały krwi. Namiętność do wojny. Geneza i historia read Online! Barbara Ehrenreich is an American journalist and the bestselling author of sixteen previous books, including the bestsellers Nickel and Dimed and Bait and Switch. A frequent contributor to Harpers and The Nation, she has also been a columnist at The New York Times and Time Magazine.

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