Read Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Facsimile of the Extant Manuscript by George Orwell Free Online
Book Title: Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Facsimile of the Extant Manuscript|
Date of issue: July 2nd 1984
ISBN 13: 9780436350221
The author of the book: George Orwell
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 746 KB
Edition: Secker & Warburg
Read full description of the books Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Facsimile of the Extant Manuscript:The very survival of this manuscript is itself remarkable. As Sonia Orwell wrote, "George was obviously not a very great manuscript keeper as there are none around of any of the books except this." Incomplete as it is, the facsimile and the transcript display not only the birth-pangs of a masterpiece, but the intense effort that underlies the simplicity for which Orwell's prose is justly admired.
The facsimile pages are throughout reproduced to the same size as the original: Peter Davison's transcript is reproduced on facing pages to a scale which allows for line-for-line reference to the facsimile, and his introduction and notes, analysing the sequence of composition, lay the essential foundations for critical assessment.
Davison's scholarly approach deliberately avoids speculative readings, but identifies the levels of drafting and locates the equivalent printed pages in current editions. The presentation makes visible the operation of the process of continuing refinement over a period of years. The facsimile pages are both revealing and moving: it is impossible to examine them without a poignant sense of the driving urgency that propelled the revisions, of the relentless discipline with which Orwell strove to ensure that the final draft met the very highest standards of modern English prose: his own.
--From the dust jacket.
Read information about the authorEric Arthur Blair, better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist. His work is marked by keen intelligence and wit, a profound awareness of social injustice, an intense opposition to totalitarianism, a passion for clarity in language, and a belief in democratic socialism.
In addition to his literary career Orwell served as a a police officer with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma from 1922-1927 and fought with the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War from 1936-1937. Orwell was severely wounded when he was shot through his throat. Later the organization that he had joined when he joined the Republican cause,The Workers Party of Marxist Unification (POUM), was painted by the pro-Soviet Communists as a Trotskyist organization (Trotsky was Joseph Stalin's enemy) and disbanded. Orwell and his wife were accused of "rabid Trotskyism" and tried in absentia in Barcelona, along with other leaders of the POUM, in 1938. However by then they had escaped from Spain and returned to England.
Between 1941 and 1943, Orwell worked on propaganda for the BBC. In 1943, he became literary editor of the Tribune, a weekly left-wing magazine. He was a prolific polemical journalist, article writer, literary critic, reviewer, poet and writer of fiction, and, considered perhaps the twentieth century's best chronicler of English culture.
Orwell is best known for the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (published in 1949) and the satirical novella Animal Farm (1945) — they have together sold more copies than any two books by any other twentieth-century author. His 1938 book Homage to Catalonia, an account of his experiences as a volunteer on the Republican side during the Spanish Civil War, together with numerous essays on politics, literature, language, and culture, are widely acclaimed.
Orwell's influence on contemporary culture, popular and political, continues decades after his death. Several of his neologisms, along with the term "Orwellian" — now a byword for any oppressive or manipulative social phenomenon opposed to a free society — have entered the vernacular.
Add a comment to Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Facsimile of the Extant Manuscript
Read EBOOK Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Facsimile of the Extant Manuscript by George Orwell Online free